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The Consitution of the Principality of Sealand.

Preliminary RemarkEdit

Sealand is an island in the southern part of the North Sea, Latitude 51-53 North, Longitude 01-28 East. The Principality of Sealand was founded in 1967 and founded as a sovereign state. The Sovereign of the Principality of Sealand H. H. Prince Roy of Sealand has proclaimed in 1975 a fundamental law to his state. Based on this constitution several laws become legal. The Knowledge of present laws is fundamentally important for national and international relations.

This first publication of the gather statutes gives also information of special laws, but they do not cancel the British Law of Contract and the British Common Law on which the law of the Principality of Sealand is a modern state of Justice.

- May 1976, Roy of Sealand.


PreambleEdit

In consciousness of his responsibility before God and before man, and inspired by the will to seve the cause of Peace for his People and for all peoples in the world, the sovereign ruler of the Principality of Sealand, His majesty Prince Roy of Sealand, for himself and for his successors to the throne, by virtue of his constitutional authority resolves, swears and pro claims the following.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 1Edit

1.1. The dignity of man is unimpeachable. To respect and preserve this dignity is the duty of all national authority. 1.2 The Sovereign and his people acknowledge the inviolable and inalienable rights of man as the basis of every human community, of freedom and of justice in the world, and recognise that these rights are in complete accord with the General Declaration of Human Rights as already defined by other States on December l0th, 1948. 1.3 The following rights are binding on the Sovereign, his successors, the legislature, the executive authority and the administration of justice, as immediately effective law.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 2Edit

2.1 Everyone has the right to the free development of his or her personality, as far as this does not infringe upon the rights of others. 2.2 Everyone has the right to life and physical safety. The freedom of the person is unassailable and may be restricted only by law.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 3Edit

All men are equal before the law. No one may suffer prejudice because of his or her sex, descent, race, language, native land and extraction, his or her faith or religious convictions.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 4Edit

4.1 A subject of the State is that person who possesses citizenship or acquires it. 4.2 The first citizen is the Sovereign. All executive power originates from him. This supreme power is passed on to the Sovereign's heir, who is designated by him. The Sovereign designates this heir on the proclamation of this law, later upon taking over supreme power, and also designates at least the next two in line of succession. Should certain heirs or next in line of succession not be able to accept the supreme power because they have died, and should further heirs not have been appointed, the Privy Council decides upon a person as Sovereign. In the case of equal voting, the President of the Privy Council has the casting vote. 4.3 Members of the Privy Council, those entrusted with political assignments, members of the government, chargè d'affaires and members of the diplomatic service are always citizens of the State by reason of thend their citizenship. 4.4 Other persons acquire nationality by conferring of this by the Sovereign. An appointed consul will be given preference when laying claim to citizenship. 4.5 Legal persons and corporations who prove their domicile by registration in a register especially furnished by law for the purpose are citizens. 4.6 No citizen may be extradited at the demand of another state unless authorized by the Sovereign. 4.7 A dispossession of nationality is only permissible when as a result the person concerned does not become stateless, except where the Sovereign considers that it is necessary for such dispossession in the best interest of SEALAND or any of its citizens.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 5Edit

Should for any cause or by reason of any law whatsoever, the State be transferred to another, be united with another state, or be changed into a federation, or be changed for any other reasons of whatever kind, the nationality of SEALAND continues to be valid until the possessor of its citizenship accepts the citizenship of another nation.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 6Edit

6.1 The ministers of the country, the President of the High Court, the President of the STATE BANK, and two further persons called upon by the Sovereign constitute the Privy Council, which is bound under obligation to advise the Sovereign. The Minister of Foreign Affairs is the President of the Privy Council. 6.2 A member of the Privy Council may not be called to account for a punishable offence, unless the Sovereign, expressly authorizes the commencement of proceedings.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 7Edit

7.1 All citizens have the right to choose their profession freely. No one may be forced to do a certain work. 7.2 The practising of a profession may be regulated by law.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 8Edit

8.1 All citizens enjoy freedom of movement within all territories of the State. 8.2 This right may be limited by law only when sufficient means for supporting life are not available, or when special burdens would ensue for the State, or in cases where it is necessary to prevent access for reasons of national security, for control of epidemics, natural catastrophes or especially severe disasters, or if it is necessary to prevent punishable actions, or actions which the Sovereign and Privy Council consider are likely to lead to such actions. 8.3 SEALAND will not provide a haven for any person who is fleeing from justice.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 9Edit

9.1 The safety of the houses, property and the right of inheritance of all citizens will be respected by SEALAND. 9.2 The same limitations as in Section 8.2 are here valid.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 10Edit

10.1 section 10.1. Whoever as a citizen misuses the fundamental regulations of the State forfeits his or her fundamental rights. 10.2 Insofar an only a restriction of the basic regulations of the State is foreseen in this law, the appropriate law must be valid in general and not for the individual case.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 11Edit

11.1 The legislature is bound to constitutional order, the executive authority and legal decisions in law and justice. 11.2 All state nationals have the right to resist anyone who attempts to set aside this regulation, if other redress is not possible.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 12Edit

12.1 All legislation rests with the Sovereign. 12.2 For the preservation of peace and for security of the country, the Sovereign may by law consent to the restriction of the Sovereign’s power. 12.3 For the settlement of international disputes the Sovereign assents to entering into agreements concerning a general comprehensive, obligatory, international jurisdiction of arbitration. 12.4 The Legal system, otherwise, is based on the British Common Law and the British Law of Contract. This does not exclude certain special laws which then take precedence over this law. 12.5

  • The Sovereign especially exercises the exclusive jurisdiction over taxes, customs duties, privileges and monopolies.
  • Revenues from these laws belong to the Sovereign as well as to the ministries or the representatives of monopolies, in accordance with contractually regulated ratio of distribution. Changes in legally stipulated taxes or privileges can be made only with the agreement of the person concerned or at reasonable interval of time.
  • The levying of customs duties and taxes is made by the Ministry of Finances, on the advice of the Privy Council.
  • The Sovereign takes the necessary steps to ensure that an audit of accounts and an examination of the ratio of distribution takes place.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 13Edit

The general provisions of international law are a constituent part of the constitutional law of SEALAND and have precedence over other laws; they create rights and duties directly for the nationals of the State.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 14Edit

The national flag is rectangular, red in the upper diagonal half and black in the lower diagonal half, save that a white diagonal bar forms part of such lower diagonal part of the flag.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 15Edit

The national language is English.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 16Edit

All the merchant ships of the State form a centralised merchant fleet.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 17Edit

For maintenance of order and security the State may legally raise a body of police, with the approval of the Sovereign or the competent Ministry, employ them for this purpose.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 18Edit

18.1 For the maintenance of law and order there is the national Tribunal, divided into two senates, the first senate is responsible for matter of international law, public law and constitutional law; the second senate is responsible for all other legal matters. 18.2 Each senate has a president. The president of the first senate is the President of the Supreme Court of Justice and member of the Privy Council. 18.3 The second senate is the Court of Appeal for the Boards of Justice subordinate to it. 18.4 At least two persons are appointed to each senate, and at least one person to each Board of Justice, and they must establish their qualification for juridical function. 18.5 The courts work out their regulations of procedure themselves, within the framework of this law.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 19Edit

19.1 Everyone may claim to be legally heard before the Court. 19.2 A person can only be sentenced when the offence was legally defined before the deed was committed. No criminal act will be retrospectively made such an offence. 19.3 No one may be convicted more than once for the same offence. 19.4 There is no death sentence. 19.5 Imprisonment is permitted only with the approval of the President of the Supreme Court, or his authorized deputy. 19.6 The right of granting a pardon is a prerogative of the Sovereign.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 20Edit

20.1 The Sovereign appoints the President of the National State Bank, who is entrusted with carrying out of everything connected with putting into circulation of money, the provision of loans, the security of the currency and the handling of the clearing system at home and abroad. 20.2 The right to the minting of money is not a matter for the State Bank which, however, must be informed of the monetary circulation. 20.3 The legal currency is the SEALAND Dollar. All the services of the State and organs of the State should be settled preferably in this currency. 20.4 Penal provisions for the money and coinage can be legally regulated only with the agreement of the Sovereign.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 21Edit

21.1 The Sovereign fills all necessary Ministries with ministers by appointment. 21.2 Necessary Ministries are:

  • the Foreign Office,
  • the Ministry of Justice,
  • the Ministry for Economics and Finances,
  • the Ministry for Home Affairs and Development,
  • the Ministry for Traffic, Transport, Post and Cultural Affairs,
  • the Special Ministry for all other national and international matters,
  • and such other Ministries as the Sovereign may from time to time decide.

21.3 Each Ministry equips itself with its own organisation. 21.4 lt is permissible for a minister to serve in various ministries. 21.5 Drafts of laws for a Ministry are to be justified in detail to the Sovereign. 21.6 Laws promulgated by the Sovereign are to be published in a National Memorandum.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 22Edit

22.1 For special services for the State, the Sovereign awards orders, titles and privileges. 22.2 The Honours listed in section 22.1 will be created by the Sovereign by special law, and the rights conferred by these honours documented. 22.3 Orders, titles and privileges can also be awarded as hereditary orders, titles and privileges. 22.4 The Privy Council can put forward to the Sovereign the names of suitable persons on whom honours may be bestowed.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Section 23Edit

23.1 This law comes into force on the day on which the Sovereign signs it. 23.2 All institutions and organs of the State are to be sworn in at the Constitution. By his signature the Sovereign confirm this Constitution by affirmation under oath.


[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Tax LawEdit

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 1Edit

The PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND imposes taxes under this law.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 2Edit

Taxes are non-recurring and are imposed by the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND. Fees for the maintenance of the administration are not taxes.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 3Edit

This Tax Law is valid in the Sovereign territory of the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4Edit

In certain special cases by special regulation of the Sovereign it may be ordered that no taxes shall be imposed, for example, if only small amounts of tax would result or, if assessment of taxes and imposition of taxes would be inequitable or an undue hardship under the circumstances of individual case but the decision shall always be that of the Sovereign or his duly authorized representative.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 5Edit

The information contained in all tax returns made by taxpayers will not be disclosed to anybody other than the State of SEALAND and its representatives.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 6Edit

For the assessment, imposition, and review of all taxes the State of SEALAND or an office or person designated by it will have jurisdiction.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 7Edit

Terms for the presentation of tax returns or payments may be prolonged by the State of SEALAND or its representative.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 8Edit

Any decision relating to the tax assessed or waived will be communicated to the taxpayer by the State. A tax receipt will be given for all tax payments. All decisions made against the taxpayer may be revoked by the State in favor of the taxpayer.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 9Edit

A taxpayer is a person who has to pay taxes under the Tax Law of the State.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 10Edit

There may be granted a respite in payment of taxes by the State but if it thinks it necessary to make the taxpayer enter into a conditional bail bond either with or without a surety it shall have the power to do so.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 11Edit

Tax statutes become barred after two years. The barring begins the 31st of December of each year. A demand for such taxes prevents the bar from operating and this shall be so whether the demand is actually received by the taxpayer or not as the posting of a demand by the State or its authorized representative shall be considered sufficient demand in this connection.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 12Edit

Regarding the statutory obligation to keep books and make out balance sheets and profit and loss accounts, the regulations of other laws are valid also for the fiscal law.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 13Edit

Tax returns of companies have to be presented in a term of eight months after the end of a calendar year. Natural persons have to present tax returns during the same time virtue of this requirement.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 14Edit

Declarations of value in the tax returns have to be made in the National currency (SEALAND Dollar).

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 15Edit

The STATE OF SEALAND or an office or person designated by it, shall assist the taxpayer in establishing correct tax returns.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 16Edit

The taxpayer has to permit the fiscal authorities to inspect all books and records and to be informed of all relevant matters relating to profits and in situ. Hereunder falls also the audit of books.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 17Edit

The fiscal authority of the State is entitled to enforce the adherence to the regulations and in the event of default by the taxpayer the State may make a penal assessment on the taxpayer which he will then pay.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 18Edit

The taxpayer is entitled to protest against a tax assessment before the competent court of the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND. This relief sought has to be made within a term of three months after posting of the assessment.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 19Edit

The failure to comply with the tax law and the nonpayment of taxes entitles the State of SEALAND to seize and sell the assets of the taxpayer, but only to the amount of the debited taxes and the expenses of recovering the same.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 20Edit

Natural persons are liable to an income-tax on all incomes earned in Sealand. Artificial persons like corporate entities and companies also are subject to incometax. Income is profit out of industrial activity, profit out of capital assets, and profit out of leasing activities.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 21Edit

Income-tax will normally be at the rate of thirty percent of the income.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 22Edit

Profit is the increase of assets during one year subject to addition and subtraction of investments and withdrawals and such allowances as may from time to time be permitted by the State. Expenses which do not operate for the maintenance, obtaining, and securing of profit have to be disregarded in assessing profits.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 22.1Edit

Depreciation for wearing out of assets of a wasting nature is permitted in a reasonable form.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 23Edit

Natural persons are entitled to a special income-tax exemption. They are not liable to tax on incomes up to an amount of SEALAND Dollar 5,000.


Dollar Amount Dollar Amount
SEALAND Dollar 5.000 SEALAND Dollar 5.000
SEALAND Dollar 6.000 SEALAND Dollar 4.000
SEALAND Dollar 7.000 SEALAND Dollar 3.000
SEALAND Dollar 8.000 SEALAND Dollar 2.000
SEALAND Dollar 9.000 SEALAND Dollar 1.000

With more than SEALAND Dollar 9,001 they are liable to full income-tax on any excess over this figure.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 24Edit

Capital profits for example from the sale of shares, business interests, firms, etc. are not normally liable to taxes.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 25Edit

Assets situated in the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND are liable to property tax and death duty. There are not imposed any property taxes or death duties at the moment. Nevertheless the State is entitled to impose those taxes, subject to announcement two years in advance.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 26Edit

The State is entitled to make administrative regulations subject to ratification by the Sovereign.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 27Edit

This law comes into force the day this document is signed by the Sovereign.

- 17th May 1976, Roy of Sealand

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Law concerning the STATE BANK OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEALANDEdit

With reference to section 20 of the Constitution, the following law is published on October 1st, 1975, for the STATE BANK OF SEALAND:

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 1Edit

The STATE BANK shall bear the designation “STATE BANK OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND”

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 2Edit

The State Bank is a direct legal person of the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND and has its domicile in SEALAND with the right to operate branches and appoint agents in any part of the world.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 3Edit

The STATE BANK, with the help of powers concerning Currency policy which are vested in the State Bank by law, shall regulate the money circulation and the credit supply of the PRINCIPALITY with the aim of safeguarding the currency and sbanking side of payment transactions at home and abroad.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4Edit

The STATE BANK shall be managed by the President of the STATE BANK. He is responsible for executing decrees issued by the State Council on the subject of money and currency.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.1Edit

The President of the STATE BANK shall be appointed by the Sovereign.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.2Edit

The President of the STATE BANK must have special professional qualifications and be approved by the Privy Council from time to time.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.3Edit

The President of the STATE BANK has the right to carry out:

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.4Edit

Foreign exchange transactions and business abroad;

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.5Edit

Dealings on the open market;

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.6Edit

Looking after central duties for safeguarding the currency and issue of banknotes; and

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.7Edit

Deposit and investment.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 5Edit

The President of the STATE BANK must inform and advise the Sovereign and the State Council in matters of importance with regard to currency policy.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 6Edit

The STATE BANK has the exclusive right to issue banknotes. These notes are made out in SEALAND Dollars and are the only unrestricted paper legal tender. The smallest banknote is for fifty SEALAND Dollars. The STATE BANK may withdraw banknotes from circulation. The STATE BANK is not obliged to replace notes which have become lost, destroyed, forged, counterfeit or invalid.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 7Edit

The STATE BANK shall fix the interest rates and, when the case arises, discount rates to be used in each case for its transactions for the purpose of controlling money circulation and borrowing and shall define the principles for its credit business and open market operations.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 8Edit

Banks domiciled in SEALAND and wishing to conduct business need the authorization of the STATE BANK. When granting this permit, the State Bank may impose restrictions. Observance of these restrictions shall be controlled by the State Bank or by an inspection organization appointed by it. Violations may be punished by withdrawal of the permit to operate a bank.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 9Edit

The State Bank must advise on the issue of coins. It does not have the right to mint coins itself. Have them minted, or to put them into circulation in some other way.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 10Edit

The State Bank may transact business with natural and legal persons, authorities or other institutions of a kind either at home or abroad. Business transactions in this sense are:

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 10.1Edit

buying and selling of bills of exchange and cheques foreign currency

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 10.2Edit

buying and selling of debts and securities as well gold, silver and platinum

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 10.3Edit

granting of loans against securities

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 10.4Edit

taking charge or custody of valuables and securities

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 10.5Edit

accepting cheques, bills, money, orders, securities and interest coupons for collection

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 10.6Edit

carrying out other banking commissions and business

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 11Edit

The State Bank's financial year is the calendar year. An annual account made out in SEALAND dollars must be produced and shall be examined at the request of the Sovereign.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 12Edit

The net profit is to be used as follows:

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 12.1Edit

10% of the net profit is to be used as reserve fund

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 12.2Edit

20% of the net profit is to be carried to a special revenue fund

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 12.3Edit

the rest is to be paid over to the PRINCIPALITY or as otherwise decided by the Privy Council

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 13Edit

The annual account of the STATE BANK shall be published at the request of the Sovereign and shall show:

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 13.1Edit

Assets: gold, silver, platinum, credit at banks, foreign currency and cheques, bills of exchange accounts receivable

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 13.2Edit

Registering regulations etc. do not apply to the STATE BANK. The President of the STATE BANK shall be entered in the commissioned register of the PRINCIPAL OF SEALAND.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 14Edit

Any person distributing money tokens (coins, notes) or using them for payment without authorization shall be punished. In addition all international regulations on fraud and attempted fraud will apply.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 15Edit

The President of the State Bank shall organize the State Bank as his own responsibility.

- Roy of Sealand

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Law relating to the keeping of registers in the field of powers of Attorney, Registration of companies and shippingEdit

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 1Edit

All persons and institutions entrusted with activities under public law by the Sovereign of the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND have to be recorded in a special register, whereby the extent of the authorization has to be specified in detail. All persons and institutions will be recorded in the same register of Powers of Attorney (Register A) with detailed specification of the authorization, who are authorized for a natural or an artificial person of the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 2Edit

All Companies having limited liability and Corporations will be recorded in the public Register of Companies (Register B). Only such registered companies and corporations are considered as having their domicile in the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 3Edit

The minimum issued share capital of a private limited liability company is SEALAND Dollar 40,000.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4Edit

All companies incorporated in Register B have to deposit with the STATE BANK of SEALAND a sum equal to 10 % of its issued capital. This deposit will earn interest at the rate of 4 % per annum and will be refunded to the Company or its liquidator upon dissolution but such money will be available for creditors (if any) on such dissolution.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 5Edit

Before any company can be incorporated in the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND it is neccessary for it to register in Register B, and founders to satisfy the Registrar of Companies as to its articles of association, and that it owns the designated capital, and to prove its compliance with § 4 of this law.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 6Edit

The Registrar of Companies or such person as may be authorized by him from time to time shall have the right to audit and examine the balance sheet and profit and loss account of the company and its Directors shall not later than 8 months after the end of each year, of each company file with the Registrar a statement of the business status and business activity, and of the assets of such company and also a balance sheet and profit and loss account and such accounts shall form the basis of assessment of the companies taxes.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 7Edit

If any company registered in Register B fails to file its balance sheet and profit and loss account within eight months of its due date, or if the company becomes insolvent and does not pay its debts or its taxes, or if for any other reason the Registrar of Companies is of the opinion that it is just and equitable that the company should be dissolved, he shall have the right so to dissolve the company and appoint a liquidator to collect in the company's assets and pay its debts in such priority as may from time to time apply to SEALAND companies. But so that all moneys due to the State of SEALAND shall be paid in priority to all other debts. Any surplus after paying all costs and expenses of liquidation will be refunded to the share holders in the company.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 8Edit

On request of the audit company, persons registered in Register B have to insure their material assets with an Insurance Company of SEALAND founded for this reason.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 9Edit

This law comes into force the day this document is signed by the Sovereign.

- 17th May 1976, Roy of Sealand

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Laws relating to passports and visasEdit

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 1Edit

Sealanders and foreigners who enter or leave the territory of the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND are obliged to prove their identity by a valid passport and on entering to have a visa entered in such passport.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 2Edit

In special cases the Sovereign may declare that there will be granted special or general exemption from the obligation to carry a passport or visa.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 3Edit

Only SEALAND Nationals may receive a passport of the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND, although in special cases the Sovereign has the right to issue a passport to a person who is not a National.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4Edit

In cases where the Sovereign considers it might endanger the interests of the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND to issue a passport to any person or to permit a person to whom a passport has been issued to retain it, such passport may be refused or withdrawn.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 5Edit

The Sovereign or such person as may from time to time be designated by him will be responsible for the issue of passports and visas.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 6Edit

All issues or withdrawings of passports as well as all visas will be recorded in a register.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 7Edit

Fees and expenses have to be paid in national currency (SEALAND Dollar) to the office issuing the passport or visa.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 8Edit

This law comes into force the day this document is signed by the Sovereign.

- 17th May 1976, Roy of Sealand

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Consular LawsEdit

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 1Edit

Consular officials (professional consular officials and onsular officials by title) are appointed

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 1.1Edit

to assist in the cooperation between the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND and the host countries,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 1.2Edit

to offer Sealanders as well as artificial Sealandic persons advice and assistance.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 2Edit

In performance of their duties, the consular officials have to protect and promote the prestige and interests of the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 3Edit

In legal matters, consular officials shall make use of the advice and assistance of a person of their confidence, resident in the host country while performing their duties (usually a person authorized by the law of the host country to give professional legal Advice.)

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4Edit

The consular officials shall perform duties and rights conferred on them by special regulations, while taking over the consular activity. These may be:

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.1Edit

matters of Nationality,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.2Edit

matters of passports and visa,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.3Edit

matters of shipping,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.4Edit

legal matters,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.5Edit

serservices,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.6Edit

supervision of contracts,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.7Edit

assistance to Sealanders,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.8Edit

assistance in cases of disasters,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.9Edit

assistance to Sealandic prisoners on trial and convicts,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.10Edit

acceptance of declarations for use in SEALAND,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.11Edit

legalization of foreign documents,

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 4.12Edit

legalizations in general.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 5Edit

Professional consular officials are members of the Foreign Ministry of the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND and always nationals.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 6Edit

Consuls by title are honorary officials who are entrusted with the performance of consular duties. They may be Sealanders as well as foreigners.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] Sec. 7Edit

The authorization to perform consular duties may be restricted or cancelled at any time. Claims for compensation for consular officials may be directed to the Foreign Ministry but there does not exist a legal claim to the receipt of any fees or compensation and all fees received by any consular official from a third party are the property of SEALAND.

Sec. 8Edit

All consular officials have to be recorded in a register established for this purpose.

Sec. 9Edit

This law comes into force the day this document is signed by the Sovereign.

- 17th May May 1976, Roy of Sealand

Law referring to the Award of the ORDER OF SEALANDEdit

==Sec. 1==Edit

For services of special merit to the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND the Sovereign of the PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND hereby donates the ORDER OF SEALAND in order to visibly express appreciation and acknowledgment.

Sec. 2Edit

The ORDER OF SEALAND is awarded as

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]]==sec. 2.1==Edit

The GRAND ORDER OF SEALAND

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] ==Sec. 2.2==Edit

The DISTINGUISHED ORDER OF SEALAND

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] ==Sec. 2.3.==Edit

The ORDER OF SEALAND, First Class

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] ==Sec. 2.4.==Edit

The ORDER OF SEALAND, Second Class

Sec. 3Edit

The medal symbol is a red lined cross of white enamel, the joists of which are tapered. In the centre are placed the State arms on a black background. The Grand ORDER OF SEALAND wears underneath the shield two crossed golden swords. The ribbon of the order is red with a white-black border.

Sec. 4Edit

Form and mode of wearing of the ORDER OF SEALAND:

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] ==Sec. 4.1==Edit

The GRAND ORDER OF SEALAND is worn around the neck on a red ribbon. Additionally there is worn a ribbon from the right shoulder towards the left hip. The ribbon is red. Together with the GRAND ORDER OF SEALAND there is worn an octagonal golden star on the left chest, the centre of which bears the State arms.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] ==Sec. 4.2==Edit

The DISTINGUISHED ORDER OF SEALAND is worn according to § 4, sub-section 1, on a red ribbon. There belongs to it the same shoulder-ribbon as under § 4, sub- section 1. Together with it is worn a golden star as under § 4, sub-section 1 but hexagonal.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] ==Sec. 4.3==Edit

The ORDER OF SEALAND, first class, is worn on a ribbon at the left chest.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] ==Sec. 4.4==Edit

The ORDER OF SEALAND, second class, is worn on a small ribbon at the left upper chest.

[[[Constitution of the Principality of Sealand|edit]]] ==Sec. 4.5==Edit

All owners of the ORDER OF SEALAND are entitled to wear the corresponding rosette. The joint wearing of order and rosette is not permissible.

Sec. 5Edit

The award of the order is made by the Sovereign. The award is recorded in a Special Order Register. The recipient receives a certificate of the award as well as the order which will be his own property.

Sec. 6Edit

The Sovereign is entitled to revoke the authorization of wearing the Order of SEALAND if he considers that the holder at anytime becomes unworthy.

==Sec. 7==Edit

The foundation of the order and its conditions will come into force the day this document is signed by the Sovereign.

- 17th May 1976, Roy of Sealand


Constitution of the Principality of SealTgEdit

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