Title 1- The NationEdit
Article 1: NameEdit
The nation shall be called "The Democratic Duchy of Francisville"
Article 2: FormEdit
The nation is a Duchy and constitutional monarchy and has a head of state known as the Grand Duke or the Grand Duchess.
Article 3: SymbolsEdit
The Duchy reserves its national symbols as set by legislation. No person may claim them and they belong to the head of state, government and people of the nation.
Article 4- CalenderEdit
The nation uses the Gregorian calendar
Article 5- CantonsEdit
- The citizens of the duchy are divided into three administrative divisions known as Cantons
- The administration shall attempt to retain the cantons an equal size as far as possible
- Cantons are not territorial entities
Article 6- ProvincesEdit
- A declared territory of the Duchy is known as a province
- A province is declared by the head of state and approved by parliament
- A province must be an area owned and claimed as part of the Duchy by the head of state or a willing citizen
- A province shall appoint a Chancellor.
Article 7- MunicipalitiesEdit
- A municipality is a land area with resident citizens which is not claimed as a territory of the Duchy
- A municipality may be declared and removed by the head of state or by the executive
- A municipality may encompass a province
- A municipality shall appoint a Mayor.
Title 2- Rights of the peopleEdit
Article 8: CitizenshipEdit
Law controls the status of citizenship and its requirements in accordance with this constitution.
Article 9: ReligionEdit
- Every person has the right to believe any religion, faith, belief or spirituality they choose
- Every person has the right to practise their religion as long as it does not attempt to destroy the religious freedom of another
- No person may be forced to worship any religion or contribute to any religious acts or ceremonies.
- The state shall have no official religion
- An individual has the right to refuse certain activities on grounds of religious or spiritual belief
- The state has no right to intervene in the appointment of leaders and teachers of any religion.
Article 10: Freedom of speechEdit
- No person may be denied from expressing their opinions or views in public or parliament
- All citizens have the right to petition to any public authority
- No person may be force to say or support something which they do not wish to.
- There is freedom of the press unless otherwise stated by legislation
Article 11: EqualityEdit
- All people are equal under the law and in life
- There are no class distinctions within the state
- No person with a title of nobility may be granted any special public or political privileges.
- No person may be discriminated against in any way or banned from any right because of race, nationality, sex, sexuality, creed, heritage, culture, religion, faith, morals, politics, ethnicity or any other reason decided by government unless otherwise mentioned in this constitution.
Article 12: PropertyEdit
- Every person has the right to own, buy, keep and trade items which are legal within the nation.
- All items are legal unless stated otherwise by legislation
Article 13: The HomeEdit
- The home is inviolable
- A search of the home may only take place by virtue of the law and must be performed in the way the law prescribes
Article 14: Political PartiesEdit
- Any citizen may join a political party
- Any citizen may form a political party
Article 15: PrivacyEdit
- All have the right to bodily privacy.
- All have the right to secrecy of private correspondence during its transition.
- All have the right to privacy of personal information.
Article 16: SlaveryEdit
No citizen may ever be kept as a slave
Article 17: Organisation, assembly and associationEdit
- Every person has the right to form or associate in an organisation
- Every person has the right to indoor meet and assemble for legal means
- No person is bound to join any organisation
- No organisation is legally bound to take in any person and does not have to disclose any reason for their decision.
Article 18: InformationEdit
All citizens have the right to access public information unless denied that right by the virtue of the law
Article 19: Freedom of activitiesEdit
- Every person has the right to perform the profession they chose
- Forced labour, other than community service, is classed as a form as slavery and in hence abolished.
- Community service is where a person selects work they wish to help the community to help the nation as a form of punishment.
- Every person has the right to perform any legal activities with any hindrance.
- Every person has to right to conduct research and experiments except for those decided to be illegal by law.
- Every person have the right to teach and perform sport and art.
Article 20: MarriageEdit
- Marriage is a union between two consenting individuals of the age sixteen or above
- All citizens have the right to marry within the Duchy
- A marriage must be carried out within a district of the Duchy
- The practice of marriage is controlled by the law
Article 21: Procreation and childbearingEdit
- Every person of the age sixteen or above have the right to procreation in a private location
- All parents have the right to bring up and educate their children in the way they choose
- Parents are responsible for their children up to the age of the child being sixteen
- A parent has the right to control the religious freedom and freedom of communication of a their child up to but not including the child’s age of eight.
Article 22: Crime and JusticeEdit
- Every person has the right to a fair trial
- Every person has the right to have a judge appointed to them
- Every person has the right to protection in a court of law be that by themselves or by another.
- Every person has the right to trial by a jury of at least four persons, a constant number to be decided by law.
- Every person is to treated as innocent until proven to be guilty.
- Every person has the right to appeal against conviction
- Every person has the right to remain silent
- All witnesses have the right to keep their identities secret.
- All persons have the right to use legally obtained evidence in court.
Article 23: Criminal ResposibilityEdit
Nobody under the age of eight may be counted as responsible for a criminal act.
Article 24: AbortionEdit
The act of abortion is illegal unless stated otherwise by law.
Article 25: SuicideEdit
The act of suicide by one's own hand cannot be declared illegal.
Article 26: Foreign CrimeEdit
Citizenship of the duchy does not protect a person from facing arrest or punishment for crimes committed in another country.
Article 27: BordersEdit
The right of non citizens to enter the Duchy is controlled by the law.
Title 3- Power and responsibilityEdit
Chapter 1- The MonarchyEdit
Article 28: TitleEdit
The Head of State is referred to as the Grand- Duke or Grand- Duchess.
Article 29: DiplomacyEdit
The Head of State is the head of diplomatic relations and no international treaty comes into place without their approval.
Article 30: WarEdit
The Head of State must approve any declaration of war
Article 31: DismissalEdit
The Head of State remains in power until their death or abdication.
Article 32: Replacement of the Head of StateEdit
- Once the head of state leaves their position, an inviolable majority public vote is held for their replacement.
- The head of state must be a citizen
- All candidates must be a citizen of the duchy for at least four years.
- All candidates must never have committed a crime.
Article 33: AwardsEdit
The Head of State has the power over honours and titles in the Duchy and may appoint and remove them as they please.
Article 34: MoneyEdit
The Head of State may print money in accordance with legislation
Article 35: Council of StateEdit
If they wish, the Head of state may appoint a Council of State of up to five members as their advisory body.
Article 36: Ducal Defence ForceEdit
The Head of State is head of the Ducal Defence force
Article 37: OathEdit
The oath of the Grand Duke/ Duchess is as follows at the time of there coronation "I swear by the nation of Francisville, to obey and respect this constitution, my rights and responsibilities in my position, the power of government, and the rights and freedom of the citizens [so help me God]." [section optional].
Article 38: Land and Local AuthorityEdit
The Head of State has power of land and local authority as described in articles six and seven
Article 39: Magistrates and JudgesEdit
The Head of State appoints magistrates and judges in accordance with legislation and this constitution
Article 40: SpeakerEdit
The Head of State shall be the speaker of the Chamber of Deputies.
Article 41: Sole OfficeEdit
The Head of State may not be the Head of State of any other nation.
Chapter 2- LegislatureEdit
Section 1- ParliamentEdit
Article 41: The parliamentEdit
- The passing and removal of all laws in vested in the parliament
- The parliament in unicameral
- The parliament consists of the Chamber of Deputies
- The Chamber of Deputies consists of one deputies to every five citizens plus one additional deputy
Article 42: Minimum MeetingsEdit
The parliament will meet a minimum of twelve times per year
Article 43: QuorumEdit
The parliament will only be in session with a minimum of fifty percent of the total number of Deputies present
Article 44: Recording of InformationEdit
Meetings of parliament are public although may be done by paper or electronic recording of events.
Section 2- ElectionsEdit
Article 45: Election regulationsEdit
- Elections shall take place once every year
- Elections will take place over a period of at least twenty-four hours
- Elections will be secret
- All those eligible to vote will have one vote each
- A person may not change their election decision after it has been made
- Elections must be secret
Article 46: Eligibility to voteEdit
- Only citizens may vote
- All citizens may vote unless decided otherwise by law
Article 47: Voting SystemEdit
The Chamber of Deputies is elected under the system of Single Transferable Voting
Article 48: Eligibility to standEdit
- A citizen under criminal punishment may not stand
- A person shall be eligible to stand for election in accordance with article eleven clause 4
- Only citizens may stand for election
- Standing for parliament must be a decision of the individual
- The Head of State may not stand in a national election
Article 49: Criminal OffencesEdit
A member of parliament will vacate their seat if found guilty of a crime
Article 50: Oath of DeputiesEdit
All deputies must take the following oath: “I vow to serve the people of Francisville. I shall keep this constitution and the laws of the Duchy I will act upon my own conscience for the good of the nation and its people.”
Section 3- Passing and removal of legislationEdit
Article 51- Legislative BodyEdit
The passing and removal of all legislation is exercised by the Chamber of Deputies
Article 52- ConstitutionEdit
The changing or addition to this constitution is not an act of legislation and is dealt with in the manners described in Title seven of this constitution.
Article 53- Voting equalityEdit
All members of parliament have one vote
Article 54- Proposals of legislationEdit
- Proposals of legislation will consist of a simple for and against policy decision and not have various options
- If the vote is equal, the bill is automatically rejected
- Two bills on the same motion will not happen within one month of each other.
- Upon the passing or removal of legislation, the winning motion will be carried out immediately
- Bills must be proposed by one deputy and supported by two others to be put forward for voting
- The Head of State may propose legislation to the parliament
Article 55- Restricted legislationEdit
- Capital Punishment is hence abolished
- Civil death is hence abolished
- The legalisation of universal private firearms ownership is hence abolished
- Compulsory taxation must be in accordance with macronational law and can only be introduced with two votes.
- No piece of legislation may conflict with this constitution unless it has been passed in the manner described in article one-hundred-and-nineteen or one-hundred-and-twenty
Chapter 3- Executive and AdministrationEdit
Section 1- First MinisterEdit
Article 56- Executive TitleEdit
The executive is known as the First Minister
Article 57- Appointment of the executiveEdit
- The executive must be a citizen
- The executive shall be a deputy
- The executive must never have been found guilty of a crime
- The First Minister is elected by the Chamber of Deputies every six months
- A candidate for the office of First Minister may not cast a vote for themselves
Article 58- Removal of the executiveEdit
- The executive may be removed by a vote of no confidence in the Chamber of Deputies
- The executive may be removed by a majority public vote
- The executive may be removed by the head of state if they are found guilt of a crime.
Article 59: Appointment of AdministrationEdit
The First Minister appoints one third of the members of the Chamber of Deputies excluding themselves to become members of the administration
Article 60- Oath of ExecutiveEdit
The First Minister will take an oath as follows; "I swear by the nation of Francisville to obey and respect this constitution, my rights and responsibilities in my position, the power of government, and the rights and freedom of the citizens and will act upon my own conscience for the good of the nation and its people."
Section 2- CabinetEdit
Article 61- Appointment of the administrationEdit
- The administration consists of one third of the members of the Chamber of Deputies in addition to the First Minister
- The First Minister shall divolve and remove power to members of the administration as necessary
- The First Minister is the head of the administration
- The First minister may appoint a larger administration if the total number of deputies is below six.
Article 62- Power of the administrationEdit
- To administrate is responsible in the running of the nation in accordance with the legislation and constitution
- The administration is responsible:
- To run defence and policing
- To organise the military in accordance with the head of state's powers
- To run national finances
- To organise foreign affairs accordance with the constitution, legislation and power of the head of state
- To provide and run public services such as education and healthcare
Article 63- Meeting of the AdmnistrationEdit
The administration shall meet at least twice in a month
Article 64- OfficesEdit
Members of the administration shall be appointed to an appropriate position in the running of the nation
Chapter 4- JudiciaryEdit
Article 65- StructureEdit
The judiciary consists of the civil courts and the high court
Article 66: Civil CourtsEdit
Each of the three cantons of the Duchy shall have a civil court
Article 67- High CourtsEdit
The high court deals with the following:
- crimes within government or legislation
- constitutional matters and crimes
- actions taken by citizens against the administration
- Crimes against human life or health
- military crimes
- Crimes against the state
Article 68: Civil Court CasesEdit
All cases not mentioned in article 56 are automatically brought before the civil courts
Article 69- Case TransferEdit
A magistrate in the civil court may transfer a case to the high court
Article 70- CountersignatureEdit
The appointment of Judges of the high court and magistrates of the civil court are countersigned by the First Minister
Article 71- EligibilityEdit
- A Judge or magistrate must be a citizen
- A judge or magistrate must never have committed a crime
- A judge or magistrate must no support any racist or discriminative beliefs
- A magistrate must be a member of the canton of the civil court they are appointed to
- Appointment of judges and magistrates is in accordance with article eleven, clause four of this constitution
Article 72- Personal RelationsEdit
A judge or magistrate may not lead a court case in which the accused is known to them personally.
Article 73- Court RecordsEdit
records of court cases shall be publicly available unless this information damages rules of privacy mentioned in this constitution.
Chapter 5- Local Authorities of CantonsEdit
Section 1- FormationEdit
Article 74- RequirementsEdit
Local area require at least fifteen citizens to be formed
Article 75- Canton EqualityEdit
Each canton shall be eligible for Local authority
Article 76- InviolabilityEdit
The administration is obliged to allow the power of local authority if the criterion in article seventy-four and article seventy-five is met.
Article 77- Canton CitizenshipEdit
One citizen may only be a member of one canton
Section 2- Local PowerEdit
Article 78- SizeEdit
local authorities consist of five majority elected deputies
Article 79- Local electionsEdit
- Local deputies serve a term of one year
- A candidate which aims to use violence or intimidation, or has racist value may not stand be a local deputy
- A person who has committed a crime may not stand as a local deputy
- Any person may stand as a local deputy unless otherwise mentioned in article 79.
- A local authority may only run for a maximum of four months without full five deputies and may not be formed with less than five deputies
- If a local authority runs for more than four months without the full five deputies, a deputy may be appointed to them by the administration.
Article 80- Local PowerEdit
Local authorities have the power to administrate the following:
- social welfare and services in accordance with legislation
- local crime prevention in accordance with legislation and the administration.
Section 3- Local LegislationEdit
Article 81- Chamber of CouncillorsEdit
The assembly for the members of the three local authorities is the Chamber of Councillors.
Article 82- Meetings of the CouncillorsEdit
The Chamber of Councillors will meet at least six times a year
Article 83- Presiding OfficerEdit
The Chamber of Councillors is presided over by the executive
Article 84- Objectives of the chamber of local deputiesEdit
- The chamber observes the actions of local authorities
- The chamber ensures the actions of local authorities are in accordance with the law
- The chamber ensures the actions of local authorities are in accordance with the constitution
- The chamber allows the members of all local authorities to debate and talk to each other about major issues
Article 85- ProposalsEdit
The chamber of local deputies has the power to vote on proposed legislation they wish to put forth to the Chamber of Deputies
Article 86- Required VotingEdit
The Chamber of Deputies is obliged to carry out a vote on legislation the chamber of local deputies wish to be passed, at least once.
Article 87- Disclosure of InformationEdit
Each local authority is obliged to disclose all information to the administration or legislative if asked
Article 88- TaxationEdit
Local authorities may not bring in taxation.
Chapter 6- Provinces and MunicipalitiesEdit
Article 89- DefinitionEdit
Provinces and Municipalities are as in article six and article seven
Article 90- MayorsEdit
- A municipality shall appoint a mayor
- A mayor shall form the administration of the municipality in accordance with the constitution and legislation
- A mayor shall be elected by the citizens within that municipality
- A mayor shall serve a term of one year
- A mayor shall be a resident of the municipality
Article 91- ChancellorsEdit
- A province shall appoint a chancellor
- A chancellor shall form the administration of the province in accordance with the constitution and legislation
- Chancellors are appointed and removed by the Head of State
- A chancellor shall serve an undefined term
- A chancellor shall be a resident of the province
Article 92- QualificationsEdit
Qualifications for mayors and chancellors shall be as in article 71
Article 93- Public ServicesEdit
Provinces and municipalities shall run public services for those living there
Article 94- Macronational LawEdit
Services run within a municipality must conform to macronational law
Title 4- Military, Defence and PolicingEdit
Article 95- Ducal Defence ForceEdit
The state shall retain the Ducal Defence Force for defence, military and policing matters
Article 96- The role of the Ducal Defence ForceEdit
- Defence of the nation and people
- Defence and security of the government
- Defence and security of the head of state
- Ceremonial and patriotic duties
- Military exploration
- Policing and crime prevention and detection
Article 97- Head of the ForceEdit
The head of state is head of the Ducal Defence Force and exercises administration over it in accordance with this constitution and legislation
Article 98- SpendingEdit
The administration control the national spending of the military
Article 99- Ducal FundingEdit
The head of state may put their own funding into the military if they wish
Article 100: NeutralityEdit
- Francisville is a neutral state
- A declaration of war may only be proposed by the vote of parliament
- A declaration war must be voted on by the public majority
- A declaration of war and the public verdict must be singed by the Head of State
Article 101- DefenceEdit
The Ducal Defence Force may be used to defend the Duchy
Article 102- BranchesEdit
- Legislation controls sections and branches of the force
- The head of state must approve the formation of new sections and branches
Article 103- Joining the ForceEdit
- No person who has been convicted of a crime may join the military
- No person with support for an illegal political party of organisation may join the military
- You must be a citizen to join the military
- Entry qualifications are controlled by legislation
Article 104- RanksEdit
The appointment and dismissal of ranks is controlled by legislation and exercised by the Head of State.
Article 105- TreatiesEdit
The actions of the Force must not damage any treaty unless that treaty has already been broken by another
Title 5- International RelationsEdit
Article 106- Head of StateEdit
The Head of State is head of foreign affairs and international relations
Article 107- SignatureEdit
The Head of State shall sign and approve all treaties made by the Duchy
Article 108- Relations and Co-operationsEdit
The head of state shall lead the state in international relations and co-operations
Article 109- Appontment of DepartmentEdit
The Head of States appoints members of the foreign relations department
Article 110- Parliament and AdministrationEdit
The parliament and administration may conduct foreign relations if overseen by the Head of State
Article 111- Foreign MinisterEdit
The administration may appoint a Foreign Minister
Article 112- MembershipEdit
The Duchy shall be a member of Grand Unified Micronational is it is allowed to be so
Title 6- FinancesEdit
Article 113- National TaxationEdit
Taxes can only be introduced by the virtue of the law and two parliamentary votes must be held for their introduction.
Article 114- Local TaxationEdit
Local authorities, municipalities and provinces may not introduce taxation.
Article 115- BudgetEdit
The national budget shall be drawn up every six months by the administration and approved by parliament
Article 116- Public InformationEdit
State budgets, expenses and spending shall be publically available.
Article 117- SalariesEdit
Salaries and pensions of the Head of State, deputies and public officers are controlled by legislation
Article 118- LoansEdit
The State may not borrow money from another state without the vote of parliament.
Title 7- Constitutional alterationEdit
Article 119- The changing of Title Two of this constitutionEdit
- The changing of Title Two, the Rights of the People, takes place in two stages
- Stage one involves a majority vote in the Chamber of Deputies regarding whether the members wish the constitution to be changed
- Stage two involves an inviolable majority public vote whether the change takes place or not
Article 120- Changing of the rest of the constitution (Exception of Title Two)Edit
- The changing of the remainder of this constitution takes place by the power of the legislature
- Two votes are required
- The first vote must pass with a minimum of three quarters of the legislature in agreement
- The second vote is a majority vote
Article 121- MajorityEdit
Motions must obtain majority of those who voted to be passed.
Article 122- SecrecyEdit
Public votes are secret
Article 123- Illegal AlterationEdit
Cases of the illegal changing of this constitution are dealt with by the high court
Article 124- Dismissal of AdministrationEdit
The administration is removed and a new election called if they attempt to change the constitution illegally
Article 125- Dismissal of Head of StateEdit
The head of state must stand down and an election recalled for their replacement called if they attempt to change this constitution illegally